Located in the plateau of Central Asia between Russian Siberia and China, Mongolia covers an area of 1.566.500 sq.km, which is roughly the size of Western Europe. The country is mountainous with an average altitude of 1580 meters above sea level, which makes Mongolia one of the highest countries in the world.
The lowest point is Hoh Nuur depression at 560 meters above sea level and the highest point is the Khuiten peak at 4374 m. The capital Ulaanbaatar lies at 1500 m above sea level. The geography of the country is characterized by great diversity. From the north to the south, it can be divided into 4 areas: mountain forest steppe, mountain steppe and, semi-desert and desert. In contrast to most visitors’ expectations, much of the country’s territory is mountainous.
Mongolia’s best travel routes and attractions are classified into 6 main categories by the geographical locations: Ulaanbaatar and around, Southern Mongolia – the Gobi Desert region, Western Mongolia, Central Mongolia, Northern Mongolia and the Eastern Mongolia – Great Eastern Plains.
The southern Mongolia
Omnogobi or South Gobi aimag people take tremendous pride in their land stretching nearly 2,000 km across the bottom third of Mongolia - and with many good reasons! Over 250 species of plant grow on the territory of the aimag including medicinal plants and herbs such as astragalus, gentian, flavor nitracia, cynomorium, agriophyllium, and trees such as saksaul, oleaster, populus diversifolia and elm.
Khovd Province Peaceful and harmonious co-existence of more than 10 ethnic groups makes up the unique fabric of KHOVL. AIMAG, prime destination for any traveler in search of ethnographic and cultural experience. The many man stones, deer stones, and Turkic tombstones are a strong evidence of the rich social structure of the area.
Lake Huvsgul. This majestic clear-watered lake contains 65% of all the fresh water of Mongolia and furthermore, 1% of the world’s fresh water supply. Nine species of fish inhabit the lake, including Siberian grayling and lenok. Nearby taiga forest, forest steppe, moun tains, and the lake itself provide habitat for 68 species of
Eastern Mongolia is the least traveled place despite its rich historical significance and stunningly diverse natural settings. Dornod aimag, home to various ethnic groups such as the Khalkh, Buriad, Barga, Uzemchin, and others certainly make a colorful cultural fabric adding to the charm of this destination. The area is being targeted as the next frontier of economic development of Eastern Mongolia and as a center of culture
Manzushir monastery built in 1733 lies on the southern end of the Bogd Khaan National Park. At one time the monastery had 70 temples and more than 1,000 lamas. Unfortunately, the Manzushir monastery was destroyed in 1932 by the Communists. Nowadays, the only remaining temple has been restored to its former glory.
Ulaanbaatar, capital of Mongolia and sites around
Like nearly one half of the Mongolian population, the capital city of Ulaanbaatar is herself a nomad. The city has changed locations more than twenty times over the past 350 years before taking root in her current location in a sweeping valley bounded by four sacred peaks, including Bogd Khan mountain to the south.
Mongolia’s diverse and pristine nature and nomadic culture gives visitors a superb opportunity to enjoy endless thrilling activities and adventures. Besides being the safest destination in the world, this country of unrivaled hospitable nomads, rolling steppes, sand dunes, high mountains and crystal clear waters has a great to offer to everyone from toddlers to elders.
Visitors can enjoy such as nomadic culture experiencing, travelling historical paths, do sightseeing, monastery visiting, photography, wildlife viewing, star gazing, learn cooking nomadic dishes, etc and adventures like horseback riding, camel trekking, hiking, trekking, fishing, biking, kite flying, dog sledging, kite skiing to name a few!