South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and sometimes referred to simply as Korea, is a state in East Asia, located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighbored by the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east, and North Korea to the north.
Mountains cover 70% of Korea's land mass, making it one of the most mountainous regions in the world. The lifting and folding of Korea’s granite and limestone base create a breathtaking landscape of scenic hills and valleys. The mountain range that stretches along the length of the east coast falls steeply into the East Sea, while along the southern and western coasts, the mountains descend gradually to the coastal plains that produce the bulk of Korea’s agricultural crops, especially rice.
Often referred to as the “Land of the Morning Calm,” Korea has a population of 48.74 million (2009) and a total land area of 100,032 ㎢ (2008). Located at a major crossroads of Northeast Asia, it has also achieved the “Miracle of the Han River .”
A place of outstanding natural beauty, ancient culture and thriving modern life, South Korea rebuilt itself after the throes of war and exists as a little visited but captivating destination. Its attraction lies in part in its enigmatic nature - it promises adventure and new experiences at every turn. Exotic food, varied architecture, a wealth of national parks and a warm and generous people add to the blend to create a truly memorable infusion.