Tanzania is one of the unique destinations on the African continent that has yet to be discovered by many. It is a land of many wonders; an un-paralleled diversity of fauna and flora. Kilimanjaro, the highest permanently snow-capped free standing mountain in Africa, the exotic Islands of Zanzibar, the finest game sanctuaries of Serengeti, Lake Manyara, Ngorongoro Crater, Ruaha, Selous and the Mikumi National Park are only but a few of the living examples. The scenery, topography and the very friendly people harbour the growth of excellent tourism. A tourist could enjoy beach holidays, game hunting, historical and archaeological ventures - and certainly the best wildlife photographic safaris on the continent.
Highlights Take a Safari through Serengeti and Selous Game Reserves, visit the Olduvai Gorge, and enjoy the sights and sounds of Dar es Salaam, gaze at the permanently snow capped Mount Kilimanjaro and take endless snaps of some unforgettable safaris.
Best time to visit: The summers are ideal for game viewing. But October to December is peak time for tourists.
People: Population distribution in Tanzania is extremely uneven. Density varies from 1 person per square kilometer (3 per sq. mi.) in arid regions to 51 per square kilometer (133 per sq. mi.) in the mainland's well-watered highlands to 134 per square kilometer (347 per sq. mi.) on Zanzibar. More than 80% of the population is rural. Dar es Salaam is the capital and largest city; Dodoma, located in the center of Tanzania, has been designated the new capital. The national language is Kiswahili, a Bantu-based tongue with strong Arabic borrowings. The African population consists of more than 120 ethnic groups, of which the Sukuma, Haya, Nyakyusa, Nyamwezi and Chaga, which have more than 1 million members. Christianity and Islam are the main religions along with many numerous indigenous beliefs.
Culture: Swahili cuisine has large amounts of coconut milk, bananas, meat and rice. “Ugali”, a cornmeal porridge is the staple dish. Tanzanian honey is simply delicious! Marketplaces are filled with vendors selling fruits, vegetables, live pigeons, meat and even aphrodisiacs. There are other cultural attractions like Taarab, Ngoma, Muziki wa Dansi and Kwaya; popular forms of Tanzanian music. The former is a fusin of Swahili tunes sung in rhythmic poetic style spiced with Arabic influences. Dance forms or “ngomas” vary in the 120 tribes, creating immense interest for tourists.
Festivals: The main festivals are Christmas and Eid Ul Fitr. Mwaka Kogwa is the traditional Shirazi or Persian, which is celebrated in Zanzibar.